AMBITO ‒ more diversity in vineyard landscapes
In Germany, a good 102,000 hectares of vines are cultivated. In the mostly long-established cultural landscapes, many typical animal and plant species of the vineyard sites have become rare or have disappeared in many places - both on vineyards and in their surroundings.
Germany-wide towards more biological diversity in viticulture
To change this situation is the aim of the project Ambito - Development and application of a modular biodiversity toolkit for viticulture in Germany, which is carried out jointly by Fair and Green e. V. and the Institutes of Applied Ecology / Landscape Planning and Nature Conservation of the Geisenheim University of Applied Sciences. Initially, 30 model wine estates from all wine-growing regions in Germany will be selected and a "biodiversity plan" with concrete objectives will be drawn up for each farm. The farms will be intensively advised and supported in the implementation of biodiversity measures. The implementation of measures will be accompanied by floristic and faunistic monitoring.
The project covers several large natural regions for which nature-specific measures to promote biodiversity are developed and implemented. However, different cultivation methods and forms of farming are also being considered, whereby the consulting and also the implementation of measures includes the entire farm with all vineyards, marginal and secondary areas, paths and buildings.
Ecological and socio-economic accompanying research
Parallel to the implementation of measures in the model farms, the Geisenheim University of Applied Sciences is conducting accompanying ecological research in twelve experimental vineyards in the wine-growing regions of Rheingau, Rheinhessen and Nahe in order to test measures in practice and to show solutions for problems and conflicts of use in the promotion of biodiversity in viticulture. The socio-economic accompanying research, also carried out by the HGU, serves to analyse and dismantle obstacles that impede the promotion of biodiversity in viticulture. Questions of acceptance of measures and skilful marketing also play a role.
The results of the accompanying research are taken into account in the implementation of measures in the model farms, known measures are optimised and new measures are designed. At the beginning of the project, an analysis of existing knowledge, the results of the monitoring of the model farms and the accompanying research will be incorporated into the development of the digital toolkit Ambito, which can be used by winegrowers and consultants alike. Already during the project period, at least 50, but if possible several hundred winegrowing enterprises should access the digital toolkit in order to implement measures for the promotion of biodiversity in viticulture.
Grape hyacinths in the Rheingau vineyard (© Geisenheim University)
© Fair and Green e.V.
A look into the future
The digital toolkit with established and new, well-tested measures will be made available to all winegrowing enterprises in Germany. Fair and Green e. V. aims to incorporate the identified measures into its catalogue of criteria for sustainable viticulture and to anchor them in the wine industry. In addition, the project results are to be transferred into newly programmed EAFRD measures of the Länder in order to enable winegrowing enterprises to make an economically viable and significant contribution to the promotion of biological diversity and thus to the development of unique cultural landscapes.
Funding priority: Other measures of particular representative importance for the National Biodiversity Strategy (NBS)
Federal States: nationwide
Duration: March 2020 - March 2026
Total financial volume: 4.48 million €
Coordinating project partner: Fair and Green e.V. (Association for sustainable viticulture)
Partners: Geisenheim University of Applied Sciences, Institute for Landscape Planning and Conservation, Institute for Applied Ecology
Sponsor: Federal Agency for Nature Conservation (BfN) with funds from the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU)
Website: under construction
Dr. Keith Ulrich
Fair and Green e.V
In der Raste 12
Phone: +49 228 88684480